Who defines a family as two or more people living together who are related by birth marriage or adoption quizlet?

a many or woman has two or more spouses, subdivided into polygyny - one man married to 2 or more women
polyandry - one woman with 2 or mroe husbands
1000 cultures allow form of polygamy officially or unofficially
polyandry among Pimbwe people western Tanzania, Africa women many husbands, shortage of women
functions: family more likely to survive harsh environments, more than 1 husband provide food, one husband died - others care for widow, form of birth control - woman has limited childbearing years, men produce dozens
polygyny common Africa, South America and Middle East
Quran, Muslim permitted up to 4 wives/time
increased in Libya, South Africa, Saudi Arabia - forbidden in Western society
Mormons banned it in 1890 but fundamentalists still practice in Texas, Arizona, Utah and Canada
2011 Warren Jeffs, leader of FLDS sect Texas sentenced to life in prison sexual assault girls 12 and 15 his "brides" had 78 wives - said means to gain divine acceptance

invest in children for sake of children - maintaining stable marriage
INDICATORS: fewer adults married, more divorced or remain single, more living outside marriage or alone, more children born out of wedlock, number single-parent homes surged, married women fewer children, many parents spend less time w/ children now than 1960s
ARGUMENT: more women entered labor force since 1970, mother working outside home not new even in colonial times,
family problems have always existed, studies published 1930s - issues divorce, desertion, family crisis resulting from discord, delinquency, depression
% single-parent households doubled since 1980, single-parent households % tripled between 1900 and 1950
DIVORCE more common in 18th century
b/c parents had less control over adult married children, little land, property to inherit, importance of romantic love increased
How AMERICANS feel - 31% changes generally good for society, 32% changes bad, 37% tolerant, skeptical more about mothers of young children working outside of home, gay/lesbian raising children
little empirical evidence family change synonymous w/ family decline

beliefs, practices, activities, products that are widely shared among a population in everyday life.
t.v. internet, pop music, magazines, radio, advertising, sports, hobbies, fads, fashions, movies
Major source of information AND misinformation about family life
Television especially influential in transmitting face and fiction
65 year lifetime, average American spends 9 years in front of TV set

*civil rights movement of 1960s major impact on US families
affirmative action legislation, members of many minority groups able take advantage of education/economic opportunities improved family socioeconomic status
*women's movement late 1800s 1970s transformed many women's roles/family life as women gained more rights in law, education, employment, less financial dependent on men, question traditional gender roles
*gay rights -1970s challenged discriminatory laws housing, adoption, employment
*marriage movement-repeal no-fault divorce laws, reduce federal and state benefits for children born to unmarried low-income mothers, promotes abstinence young people, lobbies funding promote marriage, embraces women homemaker roles
encourages lawmakers pass law requires couple take premarital counseling classes/marital skills programs

any person male or female, straight, gay, young, old who believes that BOTH SEXES should have equal political, educational, economic, other rights is a FEMINIST, even if refuse to identify w/ label
core issue is gender inequality, both at home and work , how gender inequality intersects w/ race, ethnicity, social class
poorest older adults are minority women, caregivers of old
women who leave their jobs or work part time to caregiving

fundamental premise of social exchange theory is that people seek through their interactions w/ others to maximize their rewards and to minimize their costs
- people will continue in relationship as long as there are more benefits than losses or both equal
EXCHANGE? tangible or intangible resources - energy, money, material goods, status, intelligence, control, good looks, youth, power, talent, fame or affection
from social exchange perspective, when costs of a marriage outweigh the rewards, couple may separate or divorce OR stay in marriage b/c unhappy marriage seem equal to costs

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Who determines the definition of a family?

For example, the U.S. Census Bureau defines a family in the following manner: "A family is a group of two people or more (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together." This definition is useful for obtaining a current snapshot of various family configurations (such as ...

Who defines a family quizlet?

Definition. 1 / 9. The U.S. Census Bureau defines family as a group of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
Family: A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption who live together; all such related persons are considered as members of one family.

What family is also known as family of procreation?

Abstract. The term “family of procreation” is loosely used to refer to a family unit created by two or more people. The concept is juxtaposed to “family of origin,” which refers to the families from which individuals originate. The family of procreation will form unique family values and dynamics.